|The Boy Scouts
26.th February, 1923.
scouts of Croatia
|I was very
glad indeed to hear from you, my brother Scouts from Croatia,
and I feel sincerely grateful for you kind good wishes
on my birthday. I have a great affection for Croatia where
I went on a cycling tour in early days of bicycles. I
am so glad to feel that Croatia now has its Boy Scouts
and I cordially wish you all success and Good Camping.
in Croatian Scouting Magazine SKAUT, 1923.)
| In the long gone 1881,
professor Mate Mudrinic founded the first Scholar Excursion
Society in Vinkovci. It was modelled after similar ones in other
countries of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which dealt with pre-military
instruction for school children as eg. the Woodcraft society.
Scholar Excursion Societies spread all over Croatia. Children
went to excursions and campings and gained the same knowledge
and skills we still do today.
When the Croatian scout movement was at its
starting-point, Croatia was part of the Dual Monarchy, so that
the first scout units were founded right before World War I
(1914), and only in some parts somewhat earlier. The first scout
group in the Monarchy, MCA - 1912 HAS (Magyar cerkeszszovetseg),
was founded in Budapest in 1910 and from there the movement
started spreading over to Croatia. In 1911 first units were
founded in Istria, which was under Italy then; 1912 in Ogulin
and other turist resorts in Gorski Kotar region, like Lepenica,
Đavolji vir, Plitvice, Sušak etc. Gorski Kotar was then the
most popular turist destination. First scout units appeared
in other major cities, some of which are presently in different
countries, as early as 1914. During World War I, scouts mostly
organized places of refuge and fire-fighting units, served as
scouts etc. At the time, military service lasted 4 years and
one was obliged to join in at the age of 16. The Austro-Hugnarian
Monarchy ceased to exist after the war and Croatia hurried into
forming the kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes. Immediately
after the war, in 1919, Croatian scout groups were re-established
in Slavonski Brod, Vinkovci, Osijek, Ogulin, Virovitica, and
shortly after that in other cities, too. A large number of scout
groups present in Slavonia contributed to the establishment
of the Scout Parish for Croatia and Slavonia, which was founded
in Osijek in 1922. At the time Osijek had more inhabitants than
Zagreb. Several scouts from the kingdom of Yugoslavia took part
at the inaugural meetings of the World Scout Movement in Paris,
1922 and WAGGGS in 1928.
According to a register appeared in 1923
in Scout, the then journal of the Scout Parish for Croatia and
Slavonia, there were 14 scout groups in Croatia then. Those
founded previously in Ogulin, Osijek, Zagreb, Sušak and Bjelovar
and those newly founded in Petrinja, Nova Gradiška, Koprivnica,
Bakar, Ruma, Daruvar, Krapina, Krk. The terms then used were
vod (patrol), jato (pack), četa (troop), stjeg (group), and
for members: skaut, planinka (girl scout), brđanin (rover),
brđanka (female rover), poletarac (cub scout), vođa (leader),
četovođa (troop leader), skaut master (Scoutmaster).
In 1923, the King himself became patron of
Yugoslav scouts. But, shortly after that, in 1929, all associations
not bearing Yugoslav in their names were banned. Nevertheless,
Croatian scouts continued existing until the end of World War
II, bearing Croatian in their name, with a chess-field as their
emblem and declaring clearly against the Monarchy. Croatian
scouts were expelled from WOSM in 1938. In territories freed
by partisans, Young Pioneers appeared in World War II, leading
to the ban of Croatian scouting in 1946. As early as 1950, members
of the pioneer organization, pioneer-scouts, were selected to
be trained to lead camps and excursions. The first training
was organized from May 19-25, 1950. This date, May 19th, is
celebrated as Scouts Day in Croatia. These trainings were organized
by regions. The most detailed documentation is left of Bjelovar
region training, held from June 13-19, 1950 in Pandurski Jarak
near Koprivnica, with 26 leaders present.
The Zagreb training was held in Brežice near
Krka in 1950. Berislav Orlović, Ljerka Paver-Kovačević, Kamilo
Ferenčak, Mladen Bjažić and Danko Oblak were some of the leaders
present. It is interesting to know that the trainees studied
from the Russian manual Vožatago, which was in fact a modified
scout's manual. Scout units were founded across the country
in autumn 1950, based on these trainings. First scout groups
founded were: pioneer-scout troop Mladi Partizan (Young Partisan)
and scout troop Ivo Lola Ribar in Split; pioneer scout troop
Bijela Strijela (White Arrow) and the troop at a male grammar-school
in Zagreb. Antun Mladen Štern founded the Munja (Lightning)
patrol in Osijek's Hall of Culture in 1953 which grew into Ivo
Lola Ribar scout group on November 27, 1953.
In 1951, in all the then Yugoslav republics,
republic scout associations were founded. The first one was
Zveza Tabornikov Slovenije (ZTS) in Slovenia, and the second
one Savez Izviđača Hrvatske (SIH) in Croatia.
The Scout Association of Yugoslavia was founded
on November 24, 1951 at a meeting held in Zagreb. The scout
movement grew stronger and stronger all the time until the agression
against Croatia in 1991. Scouts organized themselves once more
to help defending their country. They were engaged in army education,
civil service, evacuation, and in defending their country in
battle. Many scouts gave their lives for their homeland.
Former SIH direction was changed on June
2, 1991. New plans and programmes and the new Statute were made,
all contacts with the Scout Association of Yugoslavia were broken
On July 19, 1993 the Scout Association of
Croatia became part of WOSM again as one of the first Croatian
associations granted membership in an international organization.
1st Croatian National Jamboree
|was held in Turanjski
Lug near Karlovac from August 22-28, 1964.
2nd Croatian National Jamboree
|bearing the name
Jadran '68 was held in the area Šibenik-Zlarin-Kakanj-Brodarica-Prvić
from July 18-28, 1968 with the participation of about 2500 members.
A NNNI (Nothing can take us by surprise) exercise was held in
collaboration with the Army, as an integrated part of the Jamboree.
|The 3rd Croatian
|in fact consisted
of several large events held from April 26 to May 25, 1975.
These events were:
Scout Multi-Discipline Contest, held in Osijek,
from May 1-4
Scout Sports Games, held in Zadar, May 2-3
Cultural Activities Jamboree, held in Kumrovec,
Cub scouts Jamboree, held in Karlovac,
|The 4th Croatian
|was held in Varaždin
|The 5th Croatian
|was held on Jarun
in Zagreb from July 1-10, 1985.
|The 6th Croatian
|was held on Gudnoga,
Papuk, in August, 1990.
|The 7th Croatian
|JAMBOREE is being
held from July 20-30, 2001 in Fužine, Gorski Kotar, with about
1500 expected participants and under the patronage of the President
of the Republic of Croatia.